We have already published an engagement charter which sets out the process for engagement and compensation for those affected.

If you are unsure if your residential property would be affected by Gatwick’s plans or if you are eligible for the noise insulation or compensation scheme, you can call: 01293 504083 or email: engagement.charter@gatwickairport.com

Below is some information on the specific issues that people have already asked us about, which may be useful at this stage:

Impact on residential properties 
Property market support bond 
Homeowners support scheme 
Existing noise insulation scheme 
New noise compensation scheme 
Gatwick’s local pledges 
Housing demand 
Impacts on listed buildings 
St Michael’s and All Angels churches, Lowfield Heath 
Crawley sewerage treatment works

Impact on residential properties 

There are three tiers of impact on residential housing:

  1. Property closest to the airport that would need to be removed in order for the new runway to be built. These properties would be covered by our Property Market Support Bond.
  2. Property that would be much closer to the airport, and will come inside a 66dB(A) Leq noise contour level for the first time with a new runway.  Homeowners may want to move home as a result. These properties would be covered by the Homeowners Support Scheme and the Noise Compensation scheme.
  3. Property that would become significantly more exposed to aircraft noise as a result of expansion. These properties would be covered by Gatwick’s existing Noise insulation scheme, and a new Noise Compensation Scheme.
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Property market support bond

Our current proposal would result in the removal of 165 residential properties.

Impacted households have already been offered a Property Market Support Bond and many eligible households have already been issued these bonds.

The property is valued at 2002 prices and then index-linked to current value. If we are recommended by the Government and proceed to apply for planning permission, we will pay 25% above this valuation.

Some houses initially identified in this category may not fall into the final boundary of the airport. If this happens, we will still honour all bonds issued.

The gradual loss of this number of homes from the existing stock over an extended period is not expected to have a negative effect on the local housing market.

Impacted households can expect to receive regular updates on the process.
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Homeowners support scheme

With our current proposal, some residential properties will come inside a 66dB(A) Leq noise contour level for the first time and owners may prefer to move to another property.

A voluntary scheme, called The Homeowners Support Scheme was set up in 2005 to address this concern. In essence it states:

  • Eligible homeowners will have the option of asking us to buy their home.
  • The property is valued at 2002 prices and then index-linked to current value. We will pay 25% above this valuation if we begin construction work on the new runway.
  • Impacted households can expect to receive regular updates on the process.

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Existing noise insulation scheme

The Noise Insulation Scheme already provides homes with up to £3,000 towards double-glazing and loft insulation and has recently been expanded by 15km each end of the runway so that 40% more homes are protected from noise than before. 
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New noise compensation scheme

We have introduced the Noise Compensation Scheme so that households most affected by noise from a second runway would receive annual compensation equivalent to Band A Council Tax (currently £1000) if and when the runway becomes operational.

This means extending compensation to all people who live within a 57dB(A) Leq noise contour at 1 January 2015 for as long as they remain resident there.
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Housing demand

We estimate that the extra jobs an expanded Gatwick would bring to the region could lead to demand for about 9,300 new homes, across 14 districts over 25 years (2025-2050). This represents just 5% of overall demand in forecast in the area.

It will be a matter for Local Authorities to decide where new homes should be built, and we recognise the great pressure they face in making these decisions.

We are actively discussing the issue with Local Authorities to identify how balanced growth might be achieved.

Already, these conversations have resulted in Gatwick creating guarantees and pledges with respect to the local community and its infrastructure. 


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Gatwick's local pledges 

Gatwick announced a set of local pledges to address the areas that matter most to our local community, including jobs, housing, noise and transport.

Read more about our community pledges
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Impacts on listed buildings

Of the 19 listed buildings within the development boundary, we expect that seven or more can be preserved in-situ within the development with new uses.

Of the 12 remaining listed buildings, all but St. Michael’s Church are timber framed Wealden Houses for which there is extensive experience of dismantling and relocation.

The buildings in question are all in private ownership at present.

If we progress our plans, we would seek access to these buildings and undertake detailed internal inspections to understand their significance. We will then work with heritage stakeholders to understand whether they should be relocated to new sites. It should be noted that not all of the heritage community support the relocation of heritage buildings to new sites.

In all cases, whenever a building has to be removed, it will be subject to a highly detailed recording exercise irrespective of whether it is to be relocated or not.
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St Michael’s and All Angels churches, Lowfield Heath

Our current plans would see the removal of St Michael’s and All Angel’s Church in Lowfield Heath which is a Grade II* listed building.

The graves and headstones associated with the Church would have to be removed along with the Church itself.

Although disinterring and relocating tombs is rare, it has had to happen on several occasions in the past. We emphasise that we will treat the graves and any surviving relatives of the deceased with the utmost respect. We are aware that there are some recent cremation memorials at the Church, and we would discuss this with relatives.

We would need to obtain a license from the Ministry of Justice to move the graves, before which we would have discussions with the Church of England and we would publicise the need to remove the graves and their headstones.

We would also speak to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission about the war graves on the site and the war memorial.

The Church was associated with the former community of Lowfield Heath. The Church of England stopped using it for services in 2004. Since 2008 a Seventh Day Adventist congregation use the Church.
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Crawley sewerage treatment works

Crawley Sewage Treatment Works will need to be expanded in the 2020s to meet local population growth irrespective of whether development at Gatwick goes ahead.

Gatwick’s masterplan for a second runway retains the Crawley Sewage Treatment Works and ensures it can be accessed from the diverted A23.

There is enough space next to Crawley Sewage Treatment Works to provide for both growth in local population demand and for growth at Gatwick. There are also no wider strategic issues with the sewage network or water supply network. All that is required is proper lead time to plan and provide the requisite infrastructure.
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